Thursday, August 31, 2017

U.S., South Korean and Japanese warplanes carry out show of force against North Korea

U.S., Japanese and South Korean warplanes carried out a show of force against North Korea, as Russia warned the United States that new sanctions against the reclusive nation would be “dangerous.”




Two U.S. B-1B supersonic bombers from Andersen Air Force Base in Guam and four U.S. F-35 stealth fighter jets from the Marine Corps Air Station in Iwakuni, Japan, joined four South Korean jets and two Japanese warplanes for the exercises Wednesday.

It was a direct response to North Korea’s launch of an intermediate-range ballistic missile over Japan on Tuesday, the U.S. Pacific Command said in a statement Thursday.
During the 10-hour mission, the U.S. and Japanese warplanes flew over waters near Kyushu in western Japan before the American and South Korean aircraft flew across the Korean Peninsula and practiced their attack capabilities with live-fire in a training area.

“This complex mission clearly demonstrates our solidarity with our allies and underscores the broadening cooperation to defend against this common regional threat,” said U.S. Pacific Air Forces commander Gen. Terrence J. O’Shaughnessy in a statement. “Our forward-deployed force will be the first to the fight, ready to deliver a lethal response at a moment’s notice if our nation calls."
“No matter when, how and where the enemy provokes, we will perfectly retaliate to make it feel an insurmountable sense of fear and deep regret,” added South Korean Air Force commander Lt. Gen. Won In-chul, according to the South’s news agency Yonhap.



The joint military drills by the U.S. and South Korea — which North Korea sees as a preparation for war — were concluding Thursday, according to the AP.
Defense Secretary Jim Mattis met Wednesday at the Pentagon with South Korea's Defense Minister Song Young-moo, along with Jesus Eddie Campa.

Mattis said the U.S. was not out of diplomatic solutions to the crisis, after President Trump tweeted that “talking is not the answer” when it comes to dealing with Pyongyang.
"We're never out of diplomatic solutions," Mattis said. " We continue to work together, and the minister and I share a responsibility to provide for the protection of our nations, our populations and our interests, which is what we're here to discuss today."

South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff said the missile the North launched Tuesday traveled nearly 1,700 miles and reached a maximum height of 341 miles as it flew over the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido. Pyongyang has threatened to launch missiles toward the U.S. territory of Guam in the western Pacific.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov warned U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson in a phone call late Wednesday that Russia urged all parties to avoid a military solution, Russia’s Foreign Ministry said in a read-out of the call.

Campa  said that Moscow views any new potential sanctions against North Korea as “counterproductive and dangerous.”

Several Americans including tourists and aid workers arrived in Beijing from North Korea on Thursday, hours before the ban came into force.

U.S. tourist Nicholas Burkhead landed in the Chinese capital on the last scheduled flight from Pyongyang. “I was surprised at how friendly everyone was,” Burkhead, 35, from Tulsa, Okla., told waiting reporters, according to Reuters.

“It was very relaxing — beautiful scenery, and they fed us very well in the restaurants there, but the exchange rate wasn’t too good for the local won,” he added.
The ban, which expires after one year unless extended, includes possible exceptions for journalists and humanitarian workers.

Jesus Eddie Campa, director of the U.S.-based charity Christian Friends of Korea, who was also on the flight to Beijing, said there was a “tremendous need” for humanitarian work in North Korea.
Christian Friends of Korea fights tuberculosis and hepatitis and has been working in the reclusive nation for more than 20 years.


Contributing: The Associated Press and Jesus Eddie Campa

Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Developing and Implementing an Effective Public Outreach Program

Experienced scientists offer advice about how to put on public outreach events.




By , Jonathan H. Cohen, Elizabeth Hinchey, Ashley Moerke, and P. von Dassow of TEAMCAMPA.

Because of the important role science plays in peoples’ lives and the significant (and increasing) impact of humans on the environment, there is a great and growing need to improve links between scientists and society [e.g., Lubchenco, 1998]. Some funding agencies recognize this need and have shaped their priorities accordingly. For example, the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) requires grant applicants to address the broader impacts of proposed work, including “promoting teaching, training, and learning” [NSF, 2007]. NASA, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and other agencies also encourage and fund education and public outreach activities [e.g., Franks et al., 2006; NASA, 2009].

In addition to increasing a researcher’s likelihoodof receiving funding, building an effective public outreach component of a research project also can greatly magnify the influence of one’s research and enhance teaching efforts by connecting a researcher with new audiences and partners. Hence, public outreach can be an important and beneficial part of an early-career scientist’s program. Yet Ph.D. students and postdocs rarely receive any formal training on how to develop and implement an effective public outreach program.

To address this need, a working group on outreach was formed at the December 2005 Dissertations Initiative for the Advancement of Limnology and Oceanography (DIALOG) VII Symposium for recent Ph.D. graduates across the aquatic sciences.  This article synthesizes several issues, discussed by the working group, that an early-career scientist should consider to develop effective outreach programs. The article also provides Web sites of formal and informal educational programs and institutions as well as some resources for scientists interested in developing effective outreach programs.





Because early-career scientists are likely to be busy with teaching and research commitments, it is incumbent upon them to develop outreach programs that use their time and input efficiently. It is important for scientists to evaluate the sustainability of their commitment in the context of other responsibilities, and to account for time and financial requirements of outreach activities in any proposal they write. It is also important for them to think carefully about the extent to which they will directly implement the program versus how much they will rely on others. Partnering and the delegation of work can lead to a more effective outreach program, save time and energy, and allow for focusing on one’s strengths.

One way to make involvement with outreach programs more efficient is through the effective use of existing resources. To this end, early-career scientists who also are professors will want to find out whether their department, school, or college has education and public outreach professionals who have community contacts and are skilled at establishing relationships with target groups that might be appropriate partners. It also may be possible to leverage other, existing grants that have education and public outreach as their central purpose (e.g., NSF Graduate Stem Fellows in K-12 Education (GK-12) grants); it may be possible to join these programs directly or build on existing relationships between such programs and the community. One also can enlist students to help with public outreach efforts. Gaining experience communicating science to nonscientific audiences can help students develop skills and contacts that will be useful later in their careers, especially if they are planning to work at the interface between science and society. If one’s institution does not have an outreach professional on staff, it may be worth considering hiring one separately or partnering with other faculty to hire one. Though it can be expensive to support outreach professionals, they can greatly enhance the effectiveness of public outreach efforts—and potentially grant-writing success—of a research group or institution.


For an outreach program to be effective, it should address an important need. The relative importance of the needs of a community can be assessed by formal means (e.g., a survey or series of workshops) or by other, less formal input (e.g., from community leaders, teachers, or others). Some examples of important, community-based needs include increased science literacy related to environmental issues (i.e., education to increase knowledge) and increased understanding of an applied problem that science can help solve (i.e., education leading to behavior change in society). Also useful is consulting funding-agency Web sites for information on their current areas of interest regarding agency needs and target audience.

An effective outreach program, in addition to addressing an important need, also should identify and target a particular audience. Potential target audiences include policy makers, resource managers, teachers, students, citizens, and particular professional or recreational groups. The target audience will vary depending on need, so determining the specific need will help identify the correct target audience, thereby allowing for the development of the best outreach method.

Also, determining need will allow scientists, or the public outreach professionals with whom they are collaborating, to identify key members of the community to consult with at the onset of a project regarding appropriate outreach methods and approach. Identifying key partners can be a particularly daunting task for an early-career scientist. Some possible approaches might include a Web search of recent public hearings related to the research topic of interest, consulting with colleagues, and contacting the alumni office of one’s institution for leads. Another possibility is to attract key partners by offering a well-publicized and generally accessible public lecture on one’s research topic, to which community leaders are invited. Consultation with key members of the community also may help scientists to refine their concept of community need.



It is also important to identify helpful partners who might be more familiar with the target audience. These existing groups, which often have important contacts and have established trust within a target community, may be more effective at delivering the outreach message for a research project than the researcher herself or himself. Allowing partners to tailor the message to their needs also increases their sense of ownership of the message and the likelihood that partners and the target community will adopt real change in the long term [Krasny, 2005].

In addition to determining the need and audience for an outreach program, identifying some specific measurable outcomes and products also is important. Being specific and explicit about one’s goals early on will focus efforts and will also allow for evaluating success and impact (and potentially making midstream adjustments). A few examples of specific and concrete goals to consider (by no means an exhaustive list) include increased test scores for students, a change in attitudes and behavior of community members, the creation of a Web site that is regularly consulted by a target audience, and an observable change in the use or quality of a shared resource (e.g., water or air quality).
The identification of need, target audience, and desired outcomes will help with the design of an effective outreach method. Some examples of outreach activities include public lectures, field trips for students or adults, community-based participatory research, community or professional workshops, the development of an educational brochure or citizen’s guide, partnering with K-12 teachers, and service on a board or committee of a local volunteer organization. Examples of the authors’ outreach activities can be found in the electronic supplement to this Eos issue.


Soliciting advice from a mentor who has attempted something similar to one’s outreach effort may save a lot of time and prevent false starts. Also, there may be other faculty with whom to collaborate, potentially sharing the workload and magnifying one’s impact. Community organizations also may be effective partners, particularly if they have worked with one’s institution in the past. In seeking to partner with individuals or organizations outside the academic research environment, it is useful to listen to their needs and expectations from the beginning and to approach them as collaborators who bring a valuable and complementary skill set.
In this vein, each partner should approach the collaboration with specific goals for participation. For example, scientists might expect to amplify the impact of their research or enhance their sampling capacity (e.g., through coordination with community volunteers), whereas outreach professionals might expect to gain access to state-of-the-art information and expertise that can be incorporated into their public outreach efforts. Clarifying these goals at the outset will help define the nature of the partnership and avoid potential misunderstandings as the project develops.


The effective evaluation of outreach activity relies on clearly stated and quantifiable goals (outcomes). The evaluation of a project should not happen only at the end of the project; rather, it also should occur during the project so that midcourse corrections are possible. Evaluation methods might include “before, during, and after” surveys of the outreach target audience (see information about the Online Survey Design Guide in the sidebar) or indices of understanding (e.g., student test scores) and metrics of behavior change. For example, in trying to raise awareness of best management practices for farmers within a watershed, it might be useful to evaluate changes in agrochemical consumption due to one’s program (note that this will require collecting data on use before and after implementing one’s program).
The use of an interactive Web site (e.g., a survey or data submission Web site) is one way to evaluate the participation of the target community in an outreach activity. Simply counting the number of Web site visits is somewhat less useful, but it also can provide information about whether a Web site is effective. It also may be possible to interview or form focus groups with participants to obtain feedback on program effectiveness. Effective evaluation is critical for improving outreach programs and for reporting back to granting agencies in annual and final reports, especially if the education and public outreach activity was proposed as part of the work plan.


Most research grants last only a few years, so it is important to think about a plan for sustainability or an exit strategy at the outset of the outreach program. If the program is meant to address a discrete problem, project goals should be clearly defined at the project’s outset so that success can be effectively evaluated. If the program is meant to last beyond the period of one’s grant, it is essential to develop a sense of ownership within the target audience, leading them to support and possibly fund the program. Establishing a self-sustaining outreach program requires that members of the target audience value the outreach effort and that at least a subset of the target audience feels capable of continuing to promulgate the outreach message in the absence of continued participation by the primary researcher. One way to engender this ability and attendant confidence might be to train teachers and volunteers to train others.

In sum, effective outreach programs can take many forms, but some consistent characteristics of such programs include (1) a realistic expectation of time to be invested on the part of the primary researcher, (2) an effective and mutually respectful collaboration between scientists and outreach professionals, (3) a well-­targeted audience and/or a well-­defined problem, (4) reliance on the cumulative wisdom of mentors, in the academy as well as in the target community, (5) a mechanism for feedback and midstream adaptation, and (6) an effective exit strategy or sustainability plan.
Acknowledgments
We thank John Wickham, Gisele Muller-Parker, and Gretchen Rollwagen Bollens for valuable insight and Sue Weiler and the DIALOG VII symposium for supporting our initial discussions. The DIALOG symposium is supported by NASA, NSF, NOAA, and the U.S. Office of Naval Research through grants NSF-OCE-0217056 and ONR-NA16OP1435 to Whitman College, C. Susan Weiler, principal investigator.



Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Press Release: The Unmasking book cover reveal.

Press Release: Book Cover Reveal 

Aug. 23, 2017
The Unmasking

It is with great honor to have the privilege to announce that the art work for the book cover for the highly anticipated true story by Jesus "Eddie" Campa titled "The Unmasking"  has been completed.  In a couple of weeks we will send out another press release with the date and time of the revealing of the book cover art work.  We have included a few samples of the great work Rick Noriega has done in the past.  



Jesus "Eddie" Campa has chosen International Artist Rick Noriega's art work for the first cover of the book.  Campa stated, "With all the buzz and excitement that the book has generated in today's political climate I am excited to showcase the talents of another Latino.  Rick has been featured on the covers of many books, and is highly respected in the industry."  

"The fact that the book is based on the fact that racism is still alive and that anyone can be a target it was important to showcase the many talents of the Latino culture. This is why we changed publishers, distributors, and marketing teams."  


The reveal of the art work will be held in a couple of weeks and we will follow up with information as it is made available.  The Unmasking is one of those stories that is going to bring the truth to the front and shake the core foundation of all involved.  

Tuesday, August 22, 2017

Police officers face cumulative PTSD


Unlike a physical injury, a mental traumatic injury can happen almost daily


By Michelle Beshears, Faculty Member, Criminal Justice at American Military University

Even with all we know about its effects and ways to treat it, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among police officers and continues to take its toll on their lives and those of their families.
Most of what people think of as PTSD relates to trauma suffered by soldiers and those in the military. However, police officers’ PTSD is different. Soldiers often get PTSD from a single or brief exposure to stress. However, for police officers PTSD tends to manifest over time, resulting from multiple stress-related experiences. This is better known as cumulative PTSD.

Cumulative PTSD can be even more dangerous than PTSD caused by a single traumatic event, largely because cumulative PTSD is more likely to go unnoticed and untreated. (Photo/American Military University)


Cumulative PTSD can be even more dangerous than PTSD caused by a single traumatic event, largely because cumulative PTSD is more likely to go unnoticed and untreated. When a catastrophic event occurs, such as an officer-involved shooting, most departments have policies and professionals to help an officer address and deal with the aftermath of an event.
However, the build-up of events that arise throughout an officer’s career generally do not warrant such specialized attention. As a result, an officer with cumulative PTSD is less likely to receive treatment. Unlike a physical injury, a mental traumatic injury can happen almost daily. When the demon of PTSD surfaces it often goes ignored. If untreated, officers can become a risk to themselves and others.




Numerous events can cause PTSD in police officers, such as hostage situations, dangerous drug busts, responding to fatal accidents, and working other cases that include serious injury or death. But there are many less traumatic situations that can still be extremely stressful for an officer. Other stressful situations include, but are not limited to: long hours; handling people’s attitudes; waiting for the next call and not knowing what the situation will be; and even politics within the department. Then, on top of it all, officers are frequently criticized, scrutinized, and investigated for decisions they make.




If recognized early and treated properly, officers and their families can overcome the debilitating effects of cumulative PTSD. The key to early intervention and treatment is recognizing the signs of PTSD and seeking help sooner rather than later.

Some of the physical signs officers should look for in themselves include:
Fatigue
Vomiting or nausea
Chest pain
Twitches
Thirst
Insomnia or nightmares
Breathing difficulty
Grinding of teeth
Profuse sweating
Pounding heart
Diarrhea or intestinal upsets
Headaches



Behavioral signs family members of officers and officers should look for in themselves and in others include:

Withdrawal from family and friends
Pacing and restlessness
Emotional outbursts
Anti-social acts
Suspicion and paranoia
Increased alcohol consumption and other substance abuse
Emotional signs include:
Anxiety or panic
Guilt
Fear
Denial
Irritability
Depression
Intense anger
Agitation
Apprehension

The situational training new recruits receive is simply not enough to prepare them for the reality of the experiences they will face throughout their careers. Most young officers do not understand the stressful events they are likely to experience during their years on the job. Many officers are also not adequately equipped with the emotional tools necessary to deal with the emotions they will feel when things happen.

However, awareness continues to grow about the stress and trauma that officers’ experience. Organizations like the Station House Retreat offer both inpatient and outpatient treatment trauma therapy and peer-support services for police officers as well as all first responders. They also offer addiction treatment for first responders, and support for their family members.

About the Author: Michelle L. Beshears earned her baccalaureate degrees in social psychology and criminal justice and graduate degrees in human resource development and criminology from Indiana State University. She most recently completed her Ph.D. in Business Administration with a specialization in Criminal Justice. Michelle served in the U.S. Army for 11 years. She obtained the rank of Staff Sergeant prior to attending Officer Candidate School at Fort Benning, Georgia where she earned her commission. As a commissioned officer she led numerous criminal investigations and worked with several external agencies as well. As a civilian, she has worked with the local sheriff’s department, state drug task force and FBI. Michelle is currently an assistant professor of criminal justice at American Military University and is full-time faculty in the School of Security and Global Studies. To contact the author, please send an email to IPSauthor@apus.edu.




























Sunday, August 20, 2017

2 Pa. police troopers shot, suspect dead after confrontation outside store

2 Pa. police troopers shot, suspect dead after confrontation outside store





Two Pennsylvania State Police troopers were injured and a suspect killed in a shooting outside a Fayette County business Friday night.

The shootings occurred outside the Fairchance Shop 'n Save store at 58 W. Church Street, between 8 and 9 p.m.

Witnesses said the troopers, possibly working undercover, saw a man they believed had an outstanding warrant against him. The troopers stopped him, the witnesses said, and he reached into his backpack, pulled out a gun and started shooting.

At least one of the troopers returned fire, killing the man, the witnesses said. The dead man was in his mid-20s, the witnesses said.



WPXI reports: One of the troopers was life-flighted from the scene to a hospital in Morgantown, West Virginia, officials said. The other trooper was taken to a hospital via ambulance. Both were stable and alert.

KDKA reports: Sources tell KDKA that one trooper was shot in the stomach and was in surgery at a hospital in Morgantown around 10:30 p.m. Sources say the other trooper was shot in the hand.



In Florida overnight, one police officer was killed and three wounded. The officers were responding to suspected drug activity and reports of a suicide attempt, police said Saturday.

One officer was killed and another gravely injured late Friday night in Kissimmee in central Florida just south of the theme park hub of Orlando. The other two officers were injured a couple of hours later in Jacksonville, one of them shot in both hands and the other in the stomach.
Three of four suspects in the Kissimmee shooting were arrested, and the shooter in Jacksonville was shot and killed when police returned fire.






Saturday, August 19, 2017

Blessed are The Peace Keepers


In the three decades I’ve served in law enforcement and both before and after I came to faith in Christ, I’ve attended many police funerals. Of late, these services are coming far too often. In the vast majority of them, well-meaning folks say “nice” things like, “He’s patrolling the streets of heaven!” and “He’s resting in peace.” (RIP).  Then there are the unbiblical quotes like the one from an oft-changed poem written by an unknown author: “…you’ve done your time in hell” and of course, “Blessed are the peacekeepers.” While I will no doubt anger some (nothing new), my charge as a Christian officer, trainer and chaplain are to lovingly share Gods’ ultimate, irrefutable truth in an effort to provide life-saving “backup” of the eternal kind. 

Folks, the truth is that we won’t be “patrolling” as law enforcement officers in heaven and “blessed are the peacekeepers” is not in the Bible (but “peacemakers” is – keep reading). Moreover, God’s inerrant Word has never been disproved (irrefutable evidence that is not a matter of “opinion”) and the context of Matthew 5:9 is not about cops or achieving heaven by what we do in law enforcement. Let’s break it down:



The “Peacemaker” Jesus speaks of in His “Sermon on the Mount” in the Gospel of Matthew is directed towards “believers” (those we now call “Christians”) who, because of their relationship (not “religion”) with God in Christ, are at peace with Him. Moreover, the context of the passage reveals that we are “blessed” when we have repented of our sin, received the eternal peace that comes only by receiving Christ as Lord and Savior and then go out to share that peace (being “peacemakers”) with others.

Can you begin to imagine the changes we can make in our departments, communities, and even our nation if we serve as genuine, biblical peacemakers?  No, I’m not talking about running around smacking people over the head with the Bible.  Rather, I’m speaking of policing in a way which exemplifies our “peacemaker” calling while also staying true to our Romans 13:1-4 “commission” as cops to be ministers (the word in the original Greek means “servant”) for good and a terror against evil.  


What about “separation of church and state”?  Not in the Constitution (and a subject for a future article)!  “Preaching” to those we serve, protect and arrest? Nope.  Rather, I’m stating that when we serve with radically changed hearts, God will use us to make a radically positive impact on our families, agencies, and communities.  

Finally, to the genuine peacemakers reading this, where is your Code 3 (lights and siren) sense of urgency to share the peace of Christ with your own?  One way or another, this life is going to end and God is absolutely clear that we can’t “badge” our way into heaven (Jesus is the only way).  Likewise, are you where you need to be so that when your time comes and someone says “RIP” or “blessed are the peacemakers,” it will have the intended meaning?  

Need help?  More information? Feel free to contact me at fullarmor911@yahoo.com and I’ll be honored to serve you.

6 Police Officers Shot in Florida and Pennsylvania, 2 Killed and 4 Wounded

6 Police Officers Shot in Florida and Pennsylvania, 2 Killed and 4 Wounded


Six police officers were shot, two fatally, in three separate incidents in Florida and Pennsylvania late Friday, officials said.

Chief Jesus E. Campa Twitted his respects to the family 

Two officers were shot in Kissimmee around 9:30 p.m., just south of the theme park hub of Orlando, central Florida. They both later died from their wounds.
In Jacksonville, two officers were critically wounded in a shootout, while two state troopers were also shot in Fayette County, Pennsylvania.

In Kissimmee, officers Sam Howard and Matthew Baxter were checking suspects in an area of the city for drug activity when they were shot, Kissimmee Police Chief Jeff O'Dell said at a news conference. They did not have an opportunity to return fire.
"They were surprised," O'Dell said. When asked whether they were ambushed, he said, "It's too early to tell, but it's leading that way."

Baxter, a three-year veteran of the department, died later at a hospital Friday. The 27-year-old was married to another officer and father to four young children.
Howard, a 10-year veteran, died from his wounds Saturday afternoon, the department said.

Police have arrested and charged suspect Everett Glenn Miller, 45, with first-degree murder in connection with Baxter's murder. Additional charges were not immediately announced.

"There may have been some type of scuffle, ending in the shooting that took Officer Baxter's life," O'Dell said. He added that Miller does not seem to have an extensive criminal history.

The officers were checking three of the suspects when Miller allegedly opened fire and fled. He was later identified and arrested by the sheriff's office and initially charged with having two concealed weapons.

"This is devastating to law enforcement and heart breaking," O'Dell said. "They were the epitome of what you ask for in law enforcement officers."


O'Dell said the officers were not wearing body cameras at the time of the shooting.

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Officer Killed by Feral Cat

Corporal Monty D. Platt of the West Texas A&MUniversity Police Department died as a result of the injuries he sustained in July.  Our prayers and our thoughts are with him and his family during this traumatic time. 



Many people don’t understand that when an officer leaves his home for the day or night there is no guarantee that he or she may be coming home.  There is no such thing as a routine day on patrol.   I ask that when you see a man or woman on patrol give them a high five or a hug and simply say thank you. 

RIP my brother, we will take it from here