Saturday, August 29, 2015

click here to see the complete story - EastTexas-One Year Anniversary for Jesus Eddie Campa

By Jade Cunningham | jcunningham@ktalnews.tv
Published 08/19 2015 10:09PM
Updated 08/19 2015 10:36PM


                    Chief Jesus Eddie Campa  that is!!!


Marshall's Police Chief celebrates one year on the job.
However, are the changes he says he's making felt within the community?
Jesus 'Eddie'Campa spent years as Chief Deputy at the El Paso County Sheriff's Department.
He became Marshall's Police Chief on August 18th, with big ideas.
"A lot of people say we've done more things in one year than in the last ten years," said Campa.
When Police Chief, Jesus 'Eddie' Campa' came to Marshall, Texas, things changed.
"Restructuring of the police department, the internal morale of officers, the relationship between the community was stagnant," Campa said. "There were some issues there we needed to address quickly."
Now, one year later, he sees improvement.
"It's been busy, it's been a learning experience," he said.
One of his biggest accomplishments, reducing crime.
"During the first four months I was here," Campa said. "I helped lower the crime rate by 20%. Criminals know that this is no longer a safe haven for them to hang out, so we're making Marshall a better place and providing a better life for citizens."
He says that number continues to fall because his officers are proactive in the community and the residents are proactive as well.
With those two groups working together, it's helping make Marshall stronger.
Some in Marshall agree.
"This area was in need of a person to come in and make drastic changes," said Demetria McFarland with Marshall Against Violence. "I think a lot of people see he's really man of his word and they know there are actions to what he's saying. A lot of people have second thoughts on doing anything they can't get away with."
Campa says there's work to be done.
"We still have a long way to go as far as building the community trust to where I'd like it to be," he said.
And some are ready to stand with him and help.
"If the next year is like how the past year's been, Marshall will be a city that's truly and All-American city," said McFarland.
The Marshall Police Department was also one of the first in EastTexas to start using body cameras.
That's something Campa is proud of.
Some things he plans to continue over the next year is to fully staff the police department, continue reducing crime and continue building community trust with programs like 'No Colors, No Labels.'

Friday, August 28, 2015

Lucha Libre con: The Strange Case of Deputy Jesus “Eddie” Campa - Judicial By Ryan B. Martinez . What's Up Writer |

Jesus Eddie Campa, a local promoter of lucha libre, or masked Mexican wrestling, hasn't yet seen "Nacho Libre," the new Jack Black flick, but he knows what he doesn't want to see in it.
"The stereotype I'd like left out of the movie - and out of the sport itself - is when people think 'lucha libre,' they think of a short skinny guy flying around or this big fat guy that can't move," Campa said. "If you look at my wrestlers, they're actually pretty bulky and fit."
"Nacho Libre," which opens this weekend, stars Black as a tubby Mexican monk who secretly wrestles professionally. He has an ultra-skinny sidekick named Esqueleto. Hmm. So much for no stereotypes.
Lucha libre, with its acrobatics and good-versus-evil theatrics, is a cultural pillar in Mexico only rivaled by maybe soccer and Catholicism.
And for obvious reasons it's a hit in El Paso, too. At least two organizations, Lucha Caliente and the Alliance of Lucha Libre Wrestling Association (ALLWA), regularly hold matches in town.
Campa heads ALLWA, which has 18 regular wrestlers plus others who tussle every other weekend at the County Coliseum.  Several ALLWA luchadores will be at Tinseltown for the "Nacho Libre" opening on Saturday and Sunday, mixing it up in an honest-to-god wrestling ring while moviegoers wait in line.
So what's Campa's verdict on the movie's authenticity, based solely on trailers?
"From what I've seen, it does have the good versus the bad," Campa says. "It does have actual luchadores portraying the wrestlers, so it will display the sport well insofar as showing the athleticism that's needed in the sport. They've got the costumes and the masks; it stays with tradition."
The New York Times traced that rich tradition in a recent article.
Kick-started in the 1930s by an American businessman spreading the good word of pro-wrestling, lucha libre in Mexico took on a life of its own - replete with facemasks, Manichaean battles and gravity-defying jumps.
Luchadores became pop-culture superheroes, and people of all ages and both genders now flock to the matches, where they scream and shout at the wrestlers.
Richard Montoya, a Mexican actor who plays a monk in the film, vouched for the movie to the Times.
"I think a lot of Mexicans will find the real Mexico in this film," he said. "Besides, it seems every time a Mexican puts on a mask, it changes the world. Zorro wore a mask. Subcomandante Marcos wears a mask. There seems to be something Mexican about the individual who dons the mask but represents the masses."
The sport may be distinctly Mexican, but "Nacho Libre" is a sign that it's becoming mainstream in the United States, Campa says.
"I'm a wrestling promoter. With my crowd, I've seen more Anglo people and more black people coming to the show than they used to," he says. "I think it's turning around."
What does he hope audiences learn from the movie?
"That it's actually a sport," he says. "A lot of people think it's not a sport because it's choreographed. But just to see the training these guys have to go through - to see that it's actually a real sport - is really what I'd like it to get across to people. Just because it's a Mexican style doesn't mean it can't relate to American society."
And some things just transcend cultural barriers. For instance, Jack Black flexing his butt muscles only to slurp up his pants into his crack.  You'd have to be an alien to be unmoved by that.

Tuesday, August 18, 2015

How time flies when you’re having fun!.. By Jesus Eddie Campa

How time flies when you’re having fun!


August 18, 2015, marks my one year anniversary as the Marshall Police Chief.  I cannot tell you how fast that year has gone.  I can tell you that I have noticed that I have a lot more gray hair than I did a year ago.  It has been a great ride as we have made many changes and implemented several ideas and concepts not tried in Marshall.  Marshall is home to a medium size police department in a community that is diverse in nature with a population of African Americans, white, and Hispanics.  The city is one that has had to and is still to this day dealing with racial tension. 

When I told a few of my close friends that I was headed to Marshall, Texas to lead the police department as the Chief, I was shocked by some of the comments from some of them.  One of them asked me if I recalled the old Peace Picante Sauce commercial “Get a rope”.  He said, "They are going to hang you in the square."   Another one said, "dude that place is about 25 years behind time."   When I arrived, I was met by a department head that will remain nameless.  He told me "get out of town you don't know what you're getting yourself into."  I laughed and took the job.

As I look back on this past year it has been a year of growth not only for the agency but me as well.  When I arrived and took over the department, I found that the department had great officers, ready to be guided and given the opportunity to do what they have been trained to do. I always said that back in El Paso we were behind by about five years or so, so I was shocked to see just how behind the curve the MPD was.  It almost felt like the twilight zone, something like turning the clock 20 years backward.  The amount of micromanagement that took place was unbelievable.  The citizens and the community had little to no respect for the department; heck the officers had little respect for the department.  On my first day, I was advised by the City Manager that a work stoppage a sort, blue flu if you will, was taking place as the officers stopped writing citations.  The first thing that I did was to meet with the majority of the officer’s one on one.  I let them know that I would always stand by them as long as they had done the right thing.  I told them that I would be there for them fighting for them every step of the way as long as they did the right thing. 

The next thing that I did was to address the issues that we had with the media.  It is a proven fact that the majority of us in law enforcement look at the media as the bad guys.  The truth is that just like we do they have a job to do as well.  If you can find and build a relationship with the media your job will become easier during some critical times.  We did this by hosting the first ever media appreciation luncheon with members of our local, regional, and national media outlets.  The members of the media came out and told me what they would like to see change.  After talking to them for an hour, I could understand why they didn't care much for the Marshall PoliceDepartment.

The next thing we did was to meet with the different ethnic groups that make up Marshall.   Let me tell you that we sure got an ear full from each group.  The biggest thing I noticed was that it didn't matter how different they were from each other they all had the same issues.  The fact that Marshall has a deep rooted history of racial tension among the African Americans and the whites made the job just that much tougher.  We are facing some real high racial issues with all the things going on in Fergusson, Baltimore, and around the country made my job even tougher. 
The answers to addressing the issues were not easy.  Some of the issues just needed some common sense approaches.  I could go on and on about the issues I have faced this year, but some of you might get tired and stop reading.  So let me just tell you, what we did to correct the issues that we faced.

*Repaired and bridged the gap of racial division between the community and the police department. We did this by conducting grassroots community policing and by introducing outside the box thinking.

*Repaired the strained relationship with the media, hosted first media open house at the
   Marshall Police Department

*Restructured chain of command and staffing levels according to needs, not wants

*Implemented an Internal Affairs Office – The handling of citizen complaints and officer complaints as well was a major issue.  The MPD had never had a structured way of dealing with complaints that didn’t involve the good old boy system. I also introduced a disciplinary matrix along with the creation of the office. 

*Created the Office of Professional Standards to obtain the Texas Police Chief's Best Practices Recognition.

*New graphics on all police patrol cars- We did this to give the Marshall Police Department a new identity.  The old logo and graphics made the police car seem like a taxi.

*Implemented MCAT (Marshall Criminal Apprehension Team)-  This is a street crime unit developed to address issues that are taking place in hot zones throughout the city.

*Purchased body cameras for all officers- One of the first East Texas cities to deploy body cameras purchased through cost savings in our annual budget. 

*Held the first “Coffee with the Chief” community meeting to engage the community and get firsthand information about the view the community has of the police department.

*Reintroduced staff morale building programs such as MVP of the week, Officer, and
Civilian of the Quarter

*Improvements to departments’ fitness center

*Evidence room inventory

*Rewriting Police Departments Policy and Procedures to bring them up to date and follow the Texas Police Chief's Best Practices.

*Began the process to become a Texas Best Practices Recognized Department

*Mandatory SWAT training 8 hrs. a month when it was none existing.

*Recovered over $97,000.00 in an unpaid warrant by conducting a warrants sweep never done before in Marshall.

*Improvements to front driveway of the Headquarters of the MPD as people could not locate the driveway. 

* Updated website and launched the use of social media

*Reduced overall crime rate by 20% in 2014 compared to 2013

*Introduced the use of stationary checkpoints

 *Cleared 10-year-old cold case with an indictment 

*Purchased Electronic Ticket writers with red-light camera funds

*All new programs and new purchases implemented with cost savings from approved
 Budget

*Made improvements to Animal Control building

*Meeting and open dialog with all City Commissioners to build working relationships.
 
*Establish a new Marshall Police Department Policy and Procedure Manual

*Reinstitute the take home unit policy for officers

*Corrected the parking situation at the MPD

*Purchase 5 marked units, 1 unmarked unit, and 1 animal control unit

*Establish Leadership course with ETBU for new supervisors and or executive leaders with in   the East Texas Law Enforcement Community.

*Complete the build-out of the interview rooms

*Hired a PIO/ Accreditation Manger

*We introduced the No Colors, No Labels Initiative to brining racism to an end and eliminating the friction between the citizens and the police.  NCNL will attempt to stop hate, promote diversity, eliminate prejudices and advocate for safe, inclusive communities for all regardless of race, gender, social economic statues, or sexual orientation.  

We accomplished this within my first year serving the great community of Marshall as their first Hispanic Police Chief.  There is still a lot of work to get done in turning our department into the department that is the epitome of East Texas Police Departments. We will keep moving forward with cutting edge technologies and continue to build upon innovative strategies to provide the citizens of Marshall with the quality of life they deserve.

I would like to take this time to say thank you to the many members of the police department, elected officials, and members of the community that have helped me make a difference in Marshall, Texas.  It is a very exciting time to live and work in Marshall as true change in many forms has finally arrived.  We will keep Riding the Wave in Marshall.  

Friday, August 14, 2015

Lock it or Lose it by KLTV







MARSHALL, TX (KLTV) -
An unlocked car might just be too much of a temptation for someone hoping to steal your belongings, so Marshall police are working to help you remember not to allow that to happen.

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The police department launched the "Lock It or Lose It" campaign Wednesday to help citizens remember to lock their cars and trucks when leaving them, even in their own driveways.

The department says residents will notice officers at different locations around Marshall handing out informative flyers, reminding owners to lock their vehicles and take any valuables (computers, handbags, cell phones, and the like) with them when they leave the vehicle. Residents will also receive a reminder in their upcoming water bills, as well as find an insert in Sunday's local newspaper.

Chief Jesus Eddie Campa said, "We see an increase of burglaries, both vehicle and residential, during the summer months. We are asking Marshall residents to take a proactive approach by following the simple steps listed on the flyers to prevent them from becoming victims."
Campa also asks that residents always report suspicious activity to the MPD non-emergency number, which is 903-935-4575 or call the Marshall-Harrison County Crime Stoppers tip line at 903-935-9969.

The Lock It or Lose It campaign will also be shared on the police department's Twitter and Facebook pages. Campa requests that the community share any and all posts concerning this campaign on their own social media pages.

Copyright 2015 KLTV. All rights reserved.

Saturday, August 8, 2015

Culture Awareness NCNL by Ricardo Munoz

MISSION STATEMENT: No Colors, No Labels is an initiative, implemented by the Marshall Police Department, Marshall, Texas, to stop hate, promotes diversity, eliminates prejudices and advocates safe, inclusive communities for all.
STRATEGY: The NCNL’s approach is based on the idea that real change and community growth can occur once all precedence of past judgments, prejudices and labeling are taken out of the equation. Through NCNL, we will focus on creating a community where all residents stand together to stop hate, promote diversity and acceptance for all, to prevent intolerance and eliminate preconceived notions that police are racially-motivated. Lastly, NCNL will strive to promote a community where residents and law enforcement will join forces to prevent and eradicate crimes.
HOW: By launching awareness campaigns through the use of social media and grassroots’ efforts, NCNL will incorporate meetings, open discussions and events to involve the community as a whole to make these changes. A steering committee, made up of a group of diverse individuals from varying areas of the community, will plan and facilitate these endeavors.
VISION: NCNL is committed to working ethically, honestly, with transparency, and with an anti-prejudicial approach to end labeling, to delete social and economic barriers that keep the citizens of Marshall apart and to promote collaboration. Developed after Marshall Police Department’s Chief Jesus “Eddie” Campa visited with a group during a celebration of ‘Black History Month,’ NCNL is about promoting one community.
PARTNERS: To partner with NCNL, contact Becky Holland, Marshall Police Department PIO/Accreditation Coordinator, at (903) 935-4543 or holland.becky@marshalltexas.net.

Concepts of physical and personal security by Jesus Eddie Campa

Abstract
            There are certain things that everyone needs in life to survive.  Those things are fresh air, water, health, mental stability, and security.  To have a plentiful life every person has to have the feeling of been secure in his or her home, at work, body, and mind.  Security is like a safety blanket carried to get through life.  If one is not secure in all the elements of life there is no balance or harmony in life. 



                                                          Jesus Eddie Campa


Physical Security  
            One must first understand the definition of security to understand physical security, and the aspects associated with it.  Security as defined by the American Heritage Dictionary is the freedom of risk or danger.  It is the freedom of doubt, anxiety, or fear; confidence.  Security is something that gives or assures safety (American Heritage Dictionary).  The main purpose of physical security is to forbid physical access to protected facilities from unauthorized persons.  A protected facility is identified as a building, grounds of a compound, systems such as safes or facilities under control by access systems, the perimeter of any structure, and information and technology systems. 
            Like any other aspect in law enforcement physical security is a fluid system ever evolving with time.  It is imperative to accept that what worked in the past may not be functional with today’s technological advancements.    Because physical security is ever evolving, it can be rather expensive to keep up with the changes; therefore, careful considerations should be made when considering the elements and design of physical security for all applications. 
            It is imperative to remember that when one is looking for a building or for the grounds to establish a business, a corrections facility, hospital, bank, a home, or any structure that requires any amount of security one must incorporate the security needs into the security design. By addressing security issues with the designers, architects, or annalists in the first stages of construction, design, or purchase cost can be significantly lower. This will provide for an equal distribution and balance of security controls against any risk, establish a baseline for cost, developing, implementing, monitoring, and control of the system. 
            The main purpose of physical security at a building or on the grounds of the building is to deter potential intruders. Recognize authorized personnel, delay or prevent intrusion attempts, and must allow for the response force to arrive on site in less time than it takes for the attacker to breach the barriers, and the alarms to activate within a signification barrier is still in place (Blyth, Michael). The main function of physical security in a building or on the grounds of the building is to slow down the attacker to a point where they are detected. The slowdown will allow for a response force to arrive, and persuade the attacker that the costs of the attack far exceed the value of making the attack. 
            Physical security can be something as simple as a locked door or as sophisticated as a multiple layer of armed guards. The elements and design of the physical security system for the building, and the grounds should address the following deterrence, access control, detection, identification, and human responses time. Tools employed in the creation of the security system are things as simple as dead bolt locks, alarms, security cameras, to very complex access control key systems.  The grounds can be protected by fences, locked gates, and barbwire, patrol units equipped with attack dogs, or even watch towers. 
            Access control can be as intricate as a retina scan or as simple as a lock on a door.  Access control is having control over who can access or interact with a resource (Integrated Security Design).  One can take a look around and see that there are access control systems in place all-around us.  Things such as toll roads, parking meters, garage door openers, traffic control devices, and locks on doors.  Then there are high-tech security access control systems in place on things such as ATM pin numbers, a code or password to access IPHONE applications, passwords to e-mail accounts, and a person’s social security number, which leads to a pathway of information.  Then you have access control systems, such as those found in prisons, federal buildings, law enforcement buildings, and military institutions.  These types of systems require credentials to gain access into them.  A smart card, finger print, retina scan, or even a series of codes may be needed to gain access to the area in question. 
            There are five different models of access control on the market today.  Each of the five different models has a different range of security.  The most widely used models in the market today are Discretionary Access Control (DAC), Mandatory Access Control (MAC), and Role Based Access Control (RBAC).  The other two are known as MAC and RBAC and are considered non-discretionary (Integrated Security Design).  Some examples of the different models are ratings on movies that might require a person to be 18 to watch an R rated movie, another example are owner allowed access only systems. The there is the MAC systems, which allow access to resources if the rules exist that allow a given user to access the resources.  Other models decide if access will be granted if the system determines that access should be allowed. 

Perimeter security
            When securing a building, home, or the grounds one should first start with the security of the perimeter.  The perimeter as defined by the American Heritage Dictionary is the outer limits of an area or the fortified strip or boundary usually protecting a military position.   Millions of dollars are spent each year on securing the perimeter of a building or the grounds of the building.  The first line of defense is the perimeter and therefore should be addressed accordingly to the amount of security addressed in the structure itself. 
            According to Maj. Gen (Ret) Herzel Iosub “The main challenge facing perimeter security applications is the fact that these sites typically encompass a wide area and pose a physical challenge to security personnel as the perimeters require efficient monitoring to enable a rapid respond to any security breach.” The perimeter security line is designed to keep intruders out of a secured area.  If the perimeter security line is broken the secondary security systems kick in.  Perimeter security can be addressed as simply installing a standard mesh fence using 6mm or 8mm horizontal wires if security level is not as high.  If the level of security needed is much higher than an electrical fence may be installed and serves as a deterrent to attackers.  Other examples that will help strengthen perimeter security are razor wire, san-filled barriers, blast walls, human guards, motion sensors, and security cameras. 
            Information system and technology security (ITS) is very important because consumers, businesses, and government rely on the Internet and web services for information and communications around the clock 365 days a year. Overseeing the transfer of data and access to it requires consistency, privacy, and security before and after it enters cyberspace. In today’s digital world, an assault on one computer may affect various systems. Financial loss, damages to computer systems, the release of confidential information, and overtime for staff to restore operations may be the result of a breach of security.  One attack may cost consumers millions of dollars. 
Technology today magazine estimates that millions of dollars are spent each year on improving security design, security configuration, implementation, and management in an attempt to provide a secure and reliable computer system. Examples of security measures found in the protection of ITS systems are the authentication process, authorization, and the audit.  These security measures also include protections such as digital signatures, encryption, firewalls, virus scans, and human monitoring.    
Conclusion
             Concerning security the options available are endless, but rather costly, depending on the importance of the asset. The types of security systems are different and every asset will require a different model, yet the mission remains the same: To protect the asset from an attack.

            Security in general is an art; however, it is an art that will not allow for it to be mastered as it is a fluid art.  To ensure human and digital survival the art of security must allow for change and be willing to adapt to the new dangers that threaten our buildings, grounds, perimeters, ITS systems, and any asset worth of protection.  As the dangers evolve so will the security safe guards that will ensure our physical security.  

Friday, August 7, 2015

The Evolution of Hate Crimes by Jesus Eddie Campa

Abstract
      The term hate crime was not used until recently, but one can think back to the time of slavery and see that hate crimes have been around for a longtime.  In the past hate crimes mostly dealt with race, but in the past several decades hate crimes are rising in the area of sexual orientation.  The best way to deal with hate crimes is to educate people on what a hate crime is and to help society build tolerance and gain acceptance for everyone on planet earth.  




     The first thing that one needs to do when dealing with hate crimes is to understand what a hate crime is and why it is so dangerous.   The term hate crime was first used by journalists and policy advocates in the 1980s as they attempted to describe a series of attacks on Asians, African American, and Jews. A hate crime (bias crime) is committed against a person, property, or society motivated by the offender’s bias against race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity/national origin (FBI).  The 1980s played a big role in hate crimes dealing with sexual orientation mostly because of the arrival of AIDS in the United States.
Sexual Orientation  
     Sexual orientation is defined as an enduring pattern of attraction be it emotional, romantic, sexual, or some combination to the opposite sex (heterosexuality), the same sex (homosexuality), both (bisexuality), or neither (asexuality), and the genders that accompany them (American Psychological Association).   In the last three decades the acceptance or openness of homosexuality by society has caused an increase in hate crimes based on sexual orientation mostly dealing with homosexuality.  The City of El Paso, Texas, in 2011 had a hate crime directed at a gay man which resulted in his death.  In 2012 the city has already seen two hate crimes related to sexual orientation of two homosexual men.  
Criminal Cases
     In October 1998 a young man named Matthew Wayne Shepard met two young men who agreed to give him a ride home from the Fireside Lounge located in Laramie, Wyoming.  The two young men instead drove Shepared to an isolated rural road where they robbed, tortured, tied him to a fence, and left him to die.  Shepared was discovered 18 hours later by a cyclist and died six days later in the hospital.  At Shepard’s funeral Pastor Fred Phelps head of the Westboro Baptist Church took his congregation to Shepards funeral who held up signs that read: “No Tears for Queers” and “fag Matt to hell.” 
     President Obama signed into law on October 28, 2009 an act know as the Matthew Sheppered Act.  This act in response to the murders of Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. (race murder) expanded the hate crime law of  1969, which would include crimes driven by a victim’s or perceived gender, sexual orientation, gender, identity, or disability.  In 2009 and in 2012 in the city of El Paso, Texas, a town known as the drug corridor of the world is beginning to see the emergence of hate crimes related to sexual orientation.   In 2009 Lionel Martinez 23 was brutally beating by six individuals who used baseball bats to assault him as he left the Old Plantation a popular gay club in downtown El Paso.  On January 7, 2012 two men beat 23-year-old Emillio Moreno as he left another popular gay nightclub Rumors in Northeast El Paso.  They kicked and punched him in the face and left him on the street with a broken jaw, broken nose, ribs, a collapsed lung, and plenty of bruises.  The two men did this as they shouted out homosexual slurs and stole his wallet with on $6 dollars in it. Fernando Martinez was arrest in connection to the beaten and was charged with robbery and bail was set at $75,000.  In both these case the FBI has been brought into investigate the hate crime and civil rights violations. 
Restorative Justice
     Restorative justice is a fairly new approach that focuses on the needs of the victims, offenders as well as the involved community, rather than satisfying abstract legal principles or punishing the offender.  In restorative justice victims are to take an active role in the process, whereas offenders are encouraged to take responsibility for their actions by taking responsibility for their actions.   Offenders are encouraged to repair the harm that they have done by different ways of restitution be it by apologizing, restoring financial loss, or by providing community service to those affected.  Restorative justice is based on the concept that considers crime to be an offense against a person or a community, rather than the state.  The restorative justice models are victim-offender mediation, community reparative boards, family group conferencing, and circle conferencing.  In order for any of these to work one must embody new values that reflect the needs of everyone involved. 
     When dealing with hate crimes of sexual orientation the two best models of restorative justice that would work here would be the victim–offender mediation.  This would be the best way to get closure for the victim and even from the offender.  The main thing is that it would have to be in a safe, very structured setting, and engaged in a mediated discussion of the crime that might open the mind of the offender.   
Benefits and Challenges of restorative justice
     There are many benefits and challenges that come with restorative justice, but the question at hand is do the challenges of it out weight the benefits or vice versa? After conducting research it has been determined that the benefits out weight the challenges of this form of justice.  Several precautions have to be put in place to ensure the safety of not only the victim, but also that of the offender is a vital key element to the success of this approach.  The major benefit that can be obtained is that during this event an offender might change his point of view and understand that what he did was not just wrong, but that he himself was also wrong.  One of the challenges and things that one should really be worried about when caring out victim-offender mediation is that hate is a very strong word, and that hatred for a certain sexual orientation might have deeper roots in the soul of the offender. This might reveal some hurtful memories for the offender as well.  This is why proper preparation and acquiring the properly trained staff to deal with every possible avenue is the key to the success. 
How to measure victimization
     The best contemporary research instrument to use to measure victimization should be the use of the survey.  Surveys are discrete and allow for multiple answers along with detailed answers.  Surveys can be as long or as short as they need to be.  They can be mailed, scanned, e-mailed, or taken in an office.  They allow for privacy and have a much lesser range for error.  Surveys are not new tools and have been around for many years, so the majority of the community is familiar with the format.  
Criminological theory
     There are several criminological theories that can be used to identify the victimization of a victim of violence in relation to sexual orientation.  Those that fit are routine activities theory (Cohen, Felson) where a person’s routine changes and opens them up to becoming victims.  Feminism (Adler, Daly, Messerschmidt), which is a causation of crime related to power mostly identified by men vs. women or women vs. mend.  In today’s world it can be looked at as heterosexuals vs. homosexuals.  The best fitting criminological theory would be that of social control theory (Hirshi) where certain normative system of rules on how people should and should not behave. Here we will find a formal and informal social control theories, both of which discourage and punish for deviant behavior.  The formal form of social control is done by the police and the courts, while the informal social control is exhibited by the family, church, and schools. 
Conclusion
     Victimization can come in the form of race, religion, or from a person’s sexual orientation. Historically hate crimes were highly linked to race, but in the past three decades the tide has turned to having more hate crimes in relation to sexual orientation.  The openness and social acceptance of homosexuality has led to more hate crimes on homosexuals based on it been seen as something not social acceptable by the majority of society.  In 2009 the Shepared Act was signed into law by the president, more bullying issues are being addressed in schools due to this as well.  The trend has turned form hate crimes related to race, to crimes that society views as sexual deviance.  The platform is set where the victims, offenders, and the community can begin using restorative justice models such as victim–offender mediation.  This can work as long as all three involved can keep an open mind and think about the events that led to the causation of the crime and how to repair it. 


Reference
Braithwaite, J. Restorative Justice and Responsive Regulation; (2002), extracted January 11, 2012


Cullen & Agnew, Criminological theory: Past and Present; Feminism, Routine activities, (2002), extracted January 11, 2012


OJJDP; U.S. Department of Justice; A comparison of four restorative conferencing models; February 2001; extracted January 12, 2012


U.S Department of Justice; Hate Crimes: Defining the problem; modified Dec. 22, 2010; http://www.nij.gov/topics/crime/hate-crime/welcome.htm, extracted January 12, 2012


Matthew Shepard Foundation; embracing diversity; Matthew Shepared Act -2009; http://www.matthewshepard.org/; extracted January 12, 2012


Borunda, Daniel; El Paso Times; FBI probes civil-rights violations in beating outside gay nightclub; May 15, 2011; http://www.elpasotimes.com/news/ci_18066373?source=pkg; extracted January 13, 2012



Chavez, M. A; El Paso Times; Teen convicted of beating outside Downtown El Paso gay nightclub could get jail; Jan. 06, 2012; http://www.e;pasotimes.com/news/ci_19685191?IADID=Search-www.elpasotimes.com-w...; extracted January 13,2012